Vietnam has the population of more than 90 millions people , 54 ethnic groups. With this number comes the diversity in religions. Although Buddhism is more prominent but Catholicism and Islam also have their place in Vietnamese spiritual life.
Catholicism, along with its Western architecture was introduced in Vietnam, bringing a new look to Vietnamese architecture besides traditional temples and pagodas.
Churches in Nam Dinh
Nam Dinh is rich of legacy, besides ancient traditional temples, Nam Dinh also holds the most number of cathedrals in Vietnam. Most of the cathedrals in Nam Dinh are built in Spanish or French Gothic style. Traces of time on these buildings created an unique atmosphere for this land.
Of many dioceses in Nam Dinh, Bui Chu has the most cathedrals distributed amongst towns. Photographer Trieu Chien visited some of the buildings to prepare the document for a photobook that Handhome intend to publish in 2019.
Phủ Cam Cathedral and Redemptorist Church in Hue
Minh Duc photographed and shared images of Phủ Cam Cathedral and Redemptorist Church in his hometown.
Phủ Cam Cathedral in Hue originated from a bamboo chapel built by Pastor Langlois. After many times going through architectural, location changes, by 1898, Pastor Eugène Marie Allys had the chapel rebuilt bigger and completed in 1902. Then in 1960, Archbishop Ngo Dinh Thuc had a new cathedral commissioned after the design of architect Ngo Viet Thu. The construction took place in 1963, it’s not until 37 years later, in 2000 that Phu Cam Cathedral was completed.
Although built with modern techniques, the architecture of the cathedral still bears Western features such as cross and Catholic art, yet in it there were also the Zen principles that manifested in Ngo Viet Thu’s designs.
Another famous church in Hue is the Redemptorist Church. Its predecessor was a small chapter that the priests built in 1933.
Vị trí của tu viện và nhà thờ Dòng Chúa Cứu Thế khá đặc biệt: ngay sau lưng cung điện mùa hè An Định được xây dựng dưới thời vua Khải Định, bên bờ sông đào An Cựu.
The Redemptorist Church and monastery are located behind the summer palace built in King Khai Dinh regime, on the river bank of An Cuu.
The Redemptorist Church is a notable example of the combination between Western and Eastern aesthetics. Its façade takes shape after a cross just like European churches, yet the main features are still heavily inspired by Eastern architecture. It can be seen that the church’s bell tower somewhat looks like Vietnamese pagoda’s tower.
The church is 38m wide and 72m long, the arch is inspired by Gothic style, the windows fill the interior with light.
Cam Ly Church, Domaine de Marie Church and Holy Mother Church in Lam Dong
Vo Kim Phung visited Cam Ly Church in Da Lat, the church is located on a hillside by Cam Ly fall. The structure subtly comprises traditional roof and Western architecture
Of nearly 100 religious buildings built in Da Lat from 1920 to 1960, Cam Ly Church was meant specifically for ethnic groups, hence its unique look compared to other churches for Kinh people. The construction took place in 1959 and completed in 1967 after Pastor Boutary’s ideal of a house of God and Yàng.
The church is about 400m2, there was 80,000 tiles on the roof.
Domaine de Marie Church or Mai Anh Church belongs to a Catholic convent that dates back since 1928.
It is built in a style reminiscent of 17th Century architecture. The walls are put together using limestone. The church doesn’t have a bell tower and features stained-glass windows for lighting.
Before 1975 the church had been the main convent with 50 nuns, most of whom are Vietnamese. They took part in running orphanage, kindergarten and schools that followed the French curriculum. Today, besides the chapel and two convents, other facilities were commissioned for pubic use.
The Holy Mother Church is located in Bao Loc city, Lam Dong. The structure shares some resemblances to the Notre-Dame Cathedral Basilica of Saigon. The main difference are the triangular windows of the Holy Mother Church, unlike the arched windows of the Basilica.
Some images of the Holy Mother Church shared by Nguyen Long: